November 30, 2009
Bus and tram lines city (as well as some suburban) supports the Urban Enterprise Communication in Poznan. In the Poznan has placed strong emphasis on developing public transport, especially the tram . On 31 January 1997 opened a section of the tramway route called collision. Quick Poznan Tram (PST, “Pestka”), allowing the development speed of up to 70 km / h. This was the first Polish section of fast tram (now arise more in other Polish cities, as a cheaper alternative to the subway). The proposed second phase is the construction pit, the center of the Main Railway Station of departure towards Górczyn, which is to end in 2010 . The intentions of the line was also extended to the north [needed], in connection with the development of the AMU campus Morasko and Umultowie, opened in autumn 2007 but the bus station in a residential Sobieski’s practically impossible to extend the route. In progress is also building a similar line of fast tram on Franowo (Ratajski Fast Tram) – ended its first stage, the center of the street, John Paul II.
Poznan City transport makes a mobile operating system for information on timetables, which is also available for blind and visually impaired – Ginger.
Poznan was the first city in Poland introduced to the public transport bus with a hybrid.
Railcar in the colors of the Wielkopolska province in Poznan
Poznań is currently one of the most important railway hubs in Poland. There is a Department of Tabor Poznan and Rolling Stock Repair Works. The city can get to most of the cities with more than 100 thousand. Population in Poland and many smaller ones. By poznan international trains pass, including to Prague, Berlin and Kiev. There are 16 stations and railway stations: Central Poznan, Poznań Wola, Poznan Debiec, Poznan East Dębina Poznan, Poznan Garbary, Antoninek Poznan, Poznan Górczyn, Poznań Karolin, Junikowo Poznan, Poznan Krzesiny, Poznań Starołęka, Strzeszyn Poznan, Poznan Franowo , Kobylepole Poznan, Poznan Kiekrz. The city is located Rescue Railway Museum, which is the only such in Poland.
November 30, 2009
The earliest traces of humans in today’s Poznań from the period around 8900-8000 BC They were reindeer hunters. Relatively permanent settlements arose at the turn of the fifth and fourth millennium BC About 2200 BC in these regions appeared Indo-European population, while the fifth century came undeniable traces of Slavic settlements, while in the eighth century there appeared Glade, dates from this period also likely to Ostrow Tumski castle, which became the nucleus of today’s city. WX century castle came under the rule of the Piast dynasty, who made him one of the capital (near Gniezno, Ostrów Lednicki Giecz and centers in their country.
Originally, the city lay on the bank Cybina and the right bank of river. On a nearby hill, there stood a pagan temple and then a princely castle. Poznan is also associated with the beginnings of Polish statehood. It is one of the hypothetical positions of baptism of Mieszko I in 966 In 968 his office here put Jordan, the first Polish bishop. Functions of the castle served to 1039, when he was – along with other cities of Wielkopolska and Silesia – burned by Bretislaus I. Although Poznan lost its political significance, but still remained buoyant economic center. Another period of prosperity falls on mouthed when the castle became the capital of Wielkopolska Piast line. Its representatives, and the princes of industry and Boleslaw the Pious in 1253, allocating a city on the left bank of the Magdeburg. The work begun by his father continued to have Industry II – who was the first ruler in 200 years was crowned in Gniezno the Polish king, and he chose as his headquarters Poznan – it became the residence of the former princely castle of his father on Mount Przemysł. After his tragic death in the city’s development came a momentary lull. Even today you can still find remains of city walls.
Lithograph from 1833. Gorka Palace on the right in the middle of the former Jesuit college, left the church in the background Bernardine
Poznan around 1617 years
Another, successful period in the history of Poznań started accession to the throne of Wladyslaw Jagiello. The opening of the route linking Lithuania to Western Europe and the closure of the Gdansk Polish goods meant that Poznan has become an important hub where trade routes crossed. With time, the city developed around a network of competing towns mainly in the clergy and nobility, forming together with Poznan successfully developing conurbation.
November 30, 2009
Poznan as a center of political life is one of the first Polish cities recorded in the pages of history. They are, therefore, that in those days, Latin was the language spoken by the educated part of society, the records in the form of zlatynizowanej. The first known record of the above is the chronicle of the Margrave of the year 970 in the form of episcopus Posnaniensis. In the same chronicle of the year 1005 we find the term ab urbe were asleep. As nominativus Poznan appears in 1236 as Posnania and 1247 as Poznan. Apart from them, you can also find records from 1146 and 1244 in the form in Poznan, which allow the conclusion that the name of Poznan has not changed throughout history.
Currently, linguists agree that the name derives from poznan poznan name. It was created by adding a known name suffix-j, which in times merged with the letter n preceded by softening it to the modern s.
While the explanation of the name does not present a problem for researchers is the same name poznan is not entirely clear. Historical sources do not provide information about the person whose name was given to the city on the Warta River. Nor is it clear whether the Slavic name derived from the verb “know” to be called. imiesłowowych group names such as Miłowan or Biegan, or created as a shorter name, such as two-place Poznamir.
In bestowing the name of the city of Poznan involves the old administration, extending the time of the creation of the Polish state. According to him, near Poznan moved to Lech and his team, several years after he parted ways with his brothers, a Czech and Rusem. Czech Republic went to the south, east Rus, while Lech village founded in Gniezno (which also involves the legend). After several years of Rus and Czech Republic have decided to visit his brother and the armed orszakami went to the meeting. At the same time hunting around Lech and Gniezno armed brought disturbing news – on the outskirts of the land noted foreign troops. Lech quickly called those who took part in hunting and preparing to repel the invaders. Legend has it that the army of Lech, Czech and Rusa already started to attack, when suddenly the brothers riding at the head shouted “poznan” recognizing each other. Lech, Czech and Rus managed to stop the bloodshed and in honor of this happy event, and they sent a feast on the ground frustrated battle established a settlement
This legend is certainly not true etymology of the word translators ‘Poznan’, maybe that was for a time when you have orally transmitted stories and refers to the great migrations which led to the arrival of Slavic tribes Polish lands. It is possible that the story of brothers who split their team and met some years later, contains a grain of truth.
November 30, 2009
According to data gosu the 2008 area of the city covers 26 185 ha. Poznan is located in central-western Poland, in the central part of Wielkopolska province. The city is located within the three physiographic mezoregions ie the western part of Poznan in Lakeland, east of the plain Wrzesinski, and the oldest part of town is located on the bottom axis oriented along a north-south Warta Poznan Gorge. These 3 areas are parts of Mazowsze Wielkopolskie Lakeland.
The extent of the administrative boundaries of Poznan in the north-south axis is about 23 km and the east-west axis approximately 24 km. Poznan is a central part of the Poznań agglomeration. The city borders with 11 other municipalities that belong to the district of Poznan. Directly borders with two other towns ie Luboń and Swarzędz.
The town is situated in the Warta River valley and in the valleys of smaller streams as Bogdanka Cybina and Main.
Poznan is considered a historic capital of Wielkopolska.
Location of the city due to geographical conditions. Location in the valley and Bogdanka Cybina and Central were the swiftest way from east to west allowing gently descend to the bottom of the Warta River, which at this point by dividing the number of branches formed a ford. With the development of the city address the differences in altitude spraying the material with lower land elevation. Strongly changed the hydrographic network of the city. Not only reduced the number of branches Warta, but also covered with small feet, and some of the lower reaches of Bogdanka Segankę whether Wierzbak introduced to the municipal sewer system. Nevertheless, the bottom of the valleys of the tributaries are still so important green wedges.
November 30, 2009
Poznan (Latin Posnania, German: Posen, Yiddish Pojzn, to preserve the traditions of the festive occasions using the name: Capital City of Poznań) – one of the oldest and largest Polish cities (in terms of population, fifth, sixth in terms of area) , situated on the Warta River. The capital of Wielkopolska, Wielkopolskie Province and the Archdiocese of Poznan. Poznan is located between Berlin and Warsaw and is an important road and rail junction in the country, also has an international airport.
Poznan was one of the most important religious centers of capital and the Piast state in X and XI century, in the past served as a state capital and seat of kings. Regulation of President Lech Kaczynski on December 11, 2008 Poznan was – a historical monument for the city team history.
Currently, Poznan is a dynamic center of economic, academic, scientific and cultural. A large industrial center (Poznanski Industrial District) and services, the annual International Fair Ground. According to external evaluations carried out by rating agency Moody’s Investors Service, in terms of credibility for investors slightly inferior much larger Warsaw.
In Poznan operates eight state universities (including 4 universities) and seventeen private universities, education, including nearly 133 thousand. students. Per 1000 population falls 221 students – among the large Polish cities of Poznan is in this respect, the first place.